基本

代码示例:

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
 
import threading
import time
 
exitFlag = 0
 
class myThread (threading.Thread):   #继承父类threading.Thread
    def __init__(self, threadID, name, counter):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)
        self.threadID = threadID
        self.name = name
        self.counter = counter
    def run(self):                   #把要执行的代码写到run函数里面 线程在创建后会直接运行run函数 
        print "Starting " + self.name
        print_time(self.name, self.counter, 5)
        print "Exiting " + self.name
 
def print_time(threadName, delay, counter):
    while counter:
        if exitFlag:
            thread.exit()
        time.sleep(delay)
        print "%s: %s" % (threadName, time.ctime(time.time()))
        counter -= 1
 
# 创建新线程
thread1 = myThread(1, "Thread-1", 1)
thread2 = myThread(2, "Thread-2", 2)
 
# 开启线程
thread1.start()
thread2.start()
 
print "Exiting Main Thread"

执行结果:

Starting Thread-1
Starting Thread-2
Exiting Main Thread
Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:03 2013
Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:04 2013
Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:04 2013
Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:05 2013
Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:06 2013
Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:06 2013
Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:07 2013
Exiting Thread-1
Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:08 2013
Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:10 2013
Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:12 2013
Exiting Thread-2

线程同步

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
 
import threading
import time
 
class myThread (threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self, threadID, name, counter):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)
        self.threadID = threadID
        self.name = name
        self.counter = counter
    def run(self):
        print "Starting " + self.name
       # 获得锁,成功获得锁定后返回True
       # 可选的timeout参数不填时将一直阻塞直到获得锁定
       # 否则超时后将返回False
        threadLock.acquire()
        print_time(self.name, self.counter, 3)
        # 释放锁
        threadLock.release()
 
def print_time(threadName, delay, counter):
    while counter:
        time.sleep(delay)
        print "%s: %s" % (threadName, time.ctime(time.time()))
        counter -= 1
 
threadLock = threading.Lock()
threads = []
 
# 创建新线程
thread1 = myThread(1, "Thread-1", 1)
thread2 = myThread(2, "Thread-2", 2)
 
# 开启新线程
thread1.start()
thread2.start()
 
# 添加线程到线程列表
threads.append(thread1)
threads.append(thread2)
 
# 等待所有线程完成
for t in threads:
    t.join()
print "Exiting Main Thread"

线程优先级队列( Queue)

Queue模块中的常用方法:

Queue.qsize() 返回队列的大小
Queue.empty() 如果队列为空,返回True,反之False
Queue.full() 如果队列满了,返回True,反之False
Queue.full 与 maxsize 大小对应
Queue.get([block[, timeout]])获取队列,timeout等待时间
Queue.get_nowait() 相当Queue.get(False)
Queue.put(item) 写入队列,timeout等待时间
Queue.put_nowait(item) 相当Queue.put(item, False)
Queue.task_done() 在完成一项工作之后,Queue.task_done()函数向任务已经完成的队列发送一个信号
Queue.join() 实际上意味着等到队列为空,再执行别的操作

代码示例:

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
 
import Queue
import threading
import time
 
exitFlag = 0
 
class myThread (threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self, threadID, name, q):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)
        self.threadID = threadID
        self.name = name
        self.q = q
    def run(self):
        print "Starting " + self.name
        process_data(self.name, self.q)
        print "Exiting " + self.name
 
def process_data(threadName, q):
    while not exitFlag:
        queueLock.acquire()
        if not workQueue.empty():
            data = q.get()
            queueLock.release()
            print "%s processing %s" % (threadName, data)
        else:
            queueLock.release()
        time.sleep(1)
 
threadList = ["Thread-1", "Thread-2", "Thread-3"]
nameList = ["One", "Two", "Three", "Four", "Five"]
queueLock = threading.Lock()
workQueue = Queue.Queue(10)
threads = []
threadID = 1
 
# 创建新线程
for tName in threadList:
    thread = myThread(threadID, tName, workQueue)
    thread.start()
    threads.append(thread)
    threadID += 1
 
# 填充队列
queueLock.acquire()
for word in nameList:
    workQueue.put(word)
queueLock.release()
 
# 等待队列清空
while not workQueue.empty():
    pass
 
# 通知线程是时候退出
exitFlag = 1
 
# 等待所有线程完成
for t in threads:
    t.join()
print "Exiting Main Thread"

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